Restoration of the Yukhari Govhar Agha Mosque

The Yukhari Govhar Agha Mosque, a significant historical and cultural monument, was restored starting in late 2021. The mosque, designed by renowned architect Karbalayi Safikhan Garabaghi, features minaret ornaments and wall paintings by Mir Mohsun Navvab Garabaghi, a poet, artist, and calligrapher who lived and worked in Shusha.

During the occupation of Shusha, the mosque was destroyed by the Armenian forces. After the city’s liberation, restoration began under the supervision of Austria’s “Wehdorn Architekten,” funded by PASHA Holding, and carried out by a consortium of companies from Azerbaijan, Italy, and Türkiye. Samples of materials from the mosque were analyzed at the Ahmet Refik Ersen Restoration and Conservation Laboratory in Türkiye to ensure proper conservation methods.

Restoration included structural reinforcement, removal of damage caused during the occupation, and reconstruction of decorative stonework for window frames. The minarets’ paintwork and protective coating were completed, and the mosque’s roof was restored. The restoration also covered the madrasa building, where a wooden roof structure was installed, and remnants of the old flooring were removed and cleaned.

An exhibition dedicated to Mir Mohsun Navvab Garabaghi was opened in the madrasa area. The exhibition features his personal weapon collection, reflecting the Azerbaijani arms craft of the 18th-19th centuries, preserved at the National Museum of History of Azerbaijan. It also showcases books authored and illustrated by him, published in Shusha, along with exhibits highlighting his contributions to music, chemistry, and astronomy. Additionally, the exhibition displays his astronomical charts, diagrams of celestial bodies, and solar eclipse schematics.

On May 10, 2023, President Ilham Aliyev, First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva, and their family members attended the opening of the Yukhari Govhar Agha Mosque in Shusha, following extensive restoration work. They also inaugurated an exhibition dedicated to the encyclopedic scholar Mir Mohsun Navvab Garabaghi.